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Sharks are arguably the most scariest deep-sea creature on earth. However, there’s a much a bigger kind of fish than a shark. It is called Megalodon.

Megalodon was a giant shark that existed back in the day during the late Oligocene epoch and Neogene period. Believe it or not, this sort of fish was incredibly much larger and a lot ferocious compared to a shark! It was really a monstrous prehistoric shark that’s huge enough to swallow an whole elephant.

Megalodon is a primordial species of fish. It is one of the largest predators that dominated the saline water in the early times. Actually, a paleontologist, glaciologist, and geologist called Louis Agassiz, was the very first person who postulated the species.

Megalodon’s skeleton didn’t preserve very well since it was consisted largely of cartilage, instead of bone that’s similar to that of the contemporary sharks. Theories about the body and feeding habits of Megalodon stem largely from its fossilized teeth, which can reach up to 7 inches in length.

Moreover, experts believe that Megalodons might have fed on porpoises and whales since there are a good deal of whale bones that shows various teeth marks which could have been out of the monstrous type of fish. Believe or not, the minute this monster shark exert more massive pressure with its sting, it is more than enough to slice the flesh of any of its prey.

At the moment, the size of the Megalodon continues to be a subject of intense debate. When you come right down to it, Megalodon is the hugest fish which thrived in every corner of the planet’s deepest seas throughout the olden days. And like the sharks, Megalodon proved that it is once a successful species in this world.

Pesky Squirrels

Squirrel, Animal, Young Animal, Young

While their diet primarily consists of nuts, fruits, seeds, and vegetation, during the early spring when much of this isn’t yet available this species will consume meats, eggs, small birds, snakes as well as other rodents. Squirrels are obviously clever and will often find ways to obtain food that other rodents would not usually be able to access, such as eating out of bird feeders situated high off the ground or digging up seeds, nuts, and bulbs which were located by their excellent little noses. They are also curious by nature and will readily explore new areas for a suitable den.

Squirrels over time have learned to cohabitate with people and within many public parks and universities view us as ample sources of food. These rodents can be trained to be hand fed and often are considered a suitable pet inside the home if raised from a really young age. A few college campuses have even started a sport called squirrel fishing; a sport in which you attach a peanut into a string and a stick and see just how far the squirrel could be lifted off the floor before releasing his snack. Others consider squirrels a viable food source throughout the United States; they are high in cholesterol and possess a strong gamey taste.

Squirrels build nests in which to live, and these may often be seen both high in trees and burrowed inside the floor. In squirrel infested areas that border residential houses they will also find attics and basements appropriate living environments; and they will often put to use substances found within the home to build their nest. Power outages are also occasionally on account of the curious creature wandering across a grounded power line and brushing against a transformer, and double this species has been demonstrated to topple even the mighty NASDAQ stock market.

Keeping squirrels out of your house can often prove difficult for the average homeowner, particularly if there’s a large population of them nearby. This species can grow to be very territorial during mating season (or after giving birth) and a quiet attic can frequently become the perfect hideout for these creatures. The simplest way to prevent an infestation is to prevent entry in the first place by sealing up any holes or other entryways that would normally go unnoticed. In northern areas it is also important not to forget the chimney; using their excellent climbing ability squirrels can descend right down it.

Largemouth bass

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The species,’Largemouth bass’ belongs to the group of’micropterus psalmodies’ biologically and is prevalently understood by several types of names. Some call it as’wide-mouth bass’, some others term it as’bigmouth’ or’black bass’! Whatever be the name by which you tackle it, the’largemouth bass’ is a subject of interest for all who like to study on the different species of living creatures which lie across in this wide world!

Very many different names are also credited to them such as’Bucketmouth’,’Florida bass’,’Florida bass’,’Florida largemouth’,’Green bass’,’Green trout’,’Iinesides,’Oswego bass’,’Southern largemouth’ and’Northern largemouth’.

The body color of these species looks like the emerald color or which in other words can be termed as an olive colour and this makes the physical shape little interesting! You can notice some dark marks scattered on each side of the body which gives the total body shape a quaint look! Another specialty is the upper jaw reaches up to the back border of the orbit that’s the cavity of the skull in which the eyes are located. These are popularly called the’game fish’ and generally they will grow up to 30 inches and weigh 20 pounds!

The eating habits of the species are really interesting to observe! The small ones usually take the bait-fish or the luring fish, scuds, small shrimps and small bugs; whereas the grown-up ones absorbs the fresh water sunfish, crayfish, frogs, snakes, salamanders and bats. They sometimes eat small varieties of water birds, mammals, and little reptiles like alligators!

If you take some wise precautions as you do fishing, then certainly you will be successful in catching these species. Try using some plastic worms of different colors and of lighter qualities and you can see the difference! Search them around the pier sides close to the towers, the rock structures and beneath the wild plants or flowers. Another area to look for this species is the areas wherever you find the diving birds! Birds love to devour’largemouth bass’ and so whenever you see the low flying and diving of birds over water, you can definitely be sure that there are some sizable quantity of’largemouth bass’ underneath! Take care to fish during the first part of the day because this is the time when many of the’largemouth bass’ come-out in their hiding places! You could also avoid places of high activities because’largemouth bass’ are shy of places of hectic activities. They always like the calm and quiet areas and so search them just at quieter places!

You should make a clear review of the site in which you intend to do fishing. The’largemouth bass’ like clear, clean water where there are enough springs that makes the water consistently clean. They always prefer fresh running water compared to stagnant water. So don’t waste your time at a mucky flow where there’s no enough pure or rain water! You must also avoid the beginning areas of the stream which is too close to the banks. These species typically do not prefer such’close to the bank’ places! Selecting the correct fishing pole and reel is also of much importance. You must go for a really light rod with just 4 to 6 pounds and this would be much suited for the purpose of catching a’largemouth bass’.


Manatee, Swimming, Marine, Animal, Sea

The Florida manatee is a large mammal with a body which tapers down to a paddle like tail. They have two front flippers and each flipper has between three and four nails. The closest relative to the manatee is the elephant. On average, an adult manatee is approximately 10 feet long and weighs 1000 lbs.

You may find manatees in shallow water coastal regions, slow moving rivers and estuaries, mainly where sea grass beds or fresh water vegetation are abundant. In the United States, manatees are concentrated in Florida during the winter months and in the summer months, manatees may travel as far west as Texas, and north along the Atlantic coast to the Carolinas with a few having ventures as far north as Massachusetts.

The majority of the time they’re found eating, resting, and on the move. Manatees are herbivorous meaning they are vegetarian and consume only algae and plants. They’ll consume 10-15% of their body weight daily in vegetation. Manatees may rest on the bottom, or just under the surface, for up to 20 minutes. They can swim close to 20 mph, but do so in only short bursts when scared or attempting to get out of harm’s way,

It’s estimated that manatees can live as long as 60 years. They have no known enemies except for man and many human related deaths are due to watercraft. In the end, the manatee’s loss of habitat is the most serious threat in america today.

Mothers will nurse their young for between 1 and 2 years, during the time the calf will remain dependent on the mother.

Shepherds Pie

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When used as a verb, the word shepherd method to guide something (such as sheep); move them in the direction of where you need them next. For sheep, which often means from their pen to a field of grass where they graze. Therefore, the shepherd shepherds the sheep into the area from their pen.
A pie consists of pastry formed into a bowl which will have a staple food product which the baker selects (beef, vegetables, or fruit). With that done, the item could be called something besides a pie. When the baker adds a pastry cover (top or lid) then bakes his or her invention, he or she has baked pie. The name shepherd’s pie suggests that mutton (the meat of sheep) got baked into the pie. While true, if the baker chooses to use mutton, the name shepherd’s pie applies to some edible food shepherded into the pastry bowl.
You know the title for prepared food products that were not all consumed: leftovers. Shepherd’s pie, a freshly-baked presentation of kitchen leftovers, provides a baker with an array of opportunity to spruce up an otherwise B record meal while functionally clearing the refrigerator of older, yet useable food before it spoils. I’ve seen the name”cowboy’s pie.” A pie will consume (taste) the same if the name changes; the pie itself remains the same. Cowboys herd cattle, as shepherds herd sheep. Some fishermen herd fish into a trap, so you might have fisherman’s pie if you wish, and you probably should call it that if you baked leftover fish into your pie.
If from Argentina, you may refer to a pie as gaucho pie, since a gaucho (the Argentinean word for a cowboy) herds cows while on horseback. Speaking of cows, western Americans favor the name cattle, and they detest the term boy when referring to themselves and their heritage of herding cattle. They enjoy cattlemen better. Cattlemen’s pie functions then, doesn’t it? It also seems better than cowboy’s pie. Probably, we should go there, since cattlemen don’t usually herd cows, which reside in barns, produce dairy products, and make small cows (calves).

What is your Rabbit Saying

Rabbit, Hare, Animal, Cute, Adorable

Words are extremely important in revealing and portraying someone’s emotions. Words make the planet more expressive and meaningful. Therefore, it’s important to be mindful and aware of the words which are blurted out since great consequences may come after. In short, words are powerful in the conduct of everyday life.

There are times that we can not find the perfect words to express something, right? When this occurs, we make noises hoping that these are enough to portray whatever we are feeling.

Animals are known to make noises since they are unable to speak. Lions, as an instance, roar to get the message across, snakes hiss to tell something, and other creatures make noises to attract a partner or scare an enemy. There are many of those that can be heard when you go into the wilderness.

If you are thinking about getting a pet, you should be prepared for the sounds they make. You wouldn’t wish to appear rude by dismissing your pet’s attempt to communicate with you. They might be called noise, but these do mean something. Thus, it is crucial that you understand what to expect so that you won’t get agitated when you hear one.

If you want a pet rabbit, then it is helpful that you know the noises they make ahead. Here are a few of these that they have a tendency to make. Hopefully you can understand the message:

  1. Tooth Grinding (Soft)
  2. Tooth Grinding (Loud)
  • When they make this sound, it signifies discomfort or distress.
  1. Grunt
  • It means they are happy, excited and curious.
  1. Growl
  • This signifies they’re agitated or angry.
  1. Scream
  • This is their way of saying they are in great pain. Upon hearing this, it would be best if you bring them to your vet. There are times that this implies panic, too.
  1. Snort
  • This indicates pleasure while eating or grooming. You should be happy once you hear this since it conveys happiness.
  1. Foot thump
  • It can mean two things: they sense danger or they’re just expressing anger or frustration.
  1. Mating Noises
  • This may sound unthinkable. When hearing such, it would mean they’re mating.

Normally, rabbits are silent but there are other rabbits that prefer to be more”vocal” in expressing whatever they feel inside. It’s great to know the meaning of the noise they make because you will know when they are happy, contented, sad, and sick.

Apart from those mentioned above, it’s important that you give your pet rabbits with everything they need from food, shelter, grooming, and other care requirements. If you cannot supply them with what they need, then you should consider giving them back to the shelte

Fern Facts

Nature, Plant, Fern, Leaves, Frond

A fern is a sort of plant with about 12,000 species known. Like mosses they also bear xylem and phloem. They also bear roots, stems and leaves like other vascular plants but they lack seeds and blossoms. They produce spores. The usual examples are horsetails, whisk ferns, marattioid ferns, and ophioglossoid ferns.

The term pteridophyte also refers to ferns. A pteridologist research about ferns and lycophytes. Fossil record suggests that they evolved 360 million years ago in the Carboniferous period but majority of those living ferns are about 145 million years old which evolved in the Cretaceous. They’re not so significant from the commercial point of view but are grown for ornamentation, food or remediating soils. Some are weeds and some hold special place in mythology, culture and art.

Ferns are vascular plants differing from lycophytes by having true leaves. They differ from gymnosperms and angiosperms in lacking seeds and blossoms but bear spores. Their life cycle shows alternation of generation which means it consists of diploid sporophytic and a haploid gametophytic stage. A sporophytic phase produces haploid spores by meiosis. A spore grows by mitosis and creates gametophyte which develops photosynthetic prothallus. A mobile, flagellated sperm fertilizes the egg which is connected to the prothallus. A zygote that’s currently diploid produces sporophyte by mitosis.

They prefer to live in a wide array of habitats ranging from remote mountain elevations, to dry desert stone faces, to bodies of water or in open areas. Generally they prefer four types of habitats namely moist, shady forests; crevices in rock faces, particularly when sheltered from the full sun; acid wetlands including bogs and swamps; and tropical trees, where many species are epiphytes.

Many are known to produce relationships with mycorrhizal fungi. The spores are rich source of lipids, protein and carbs so are consumed by some animals. The stem is usually a underground rhizome but in some cases it is a ground creeping stolon or semi-woody tree trunk. The leaves are green and photosynthetic and are known as fronds due to their horizontal arrangement. Tropophylls participate only in photosynthesis such as the leaves of other vascular plants. Sporophylls produce spores and compared with the scales of pines. In addition they photosynthesize like tropophylls. Brophophylls produce abnormally high number of spores. The roots are underground and non-photosynthetic. They are fibrous like other vascular plants.

Prothallus is green, photosynthetic structure generally one cell thick. It’s heart of kidney shaped measuring 3-10 mm long and 2-8 mm wide. It produces gametes in the form of antheridia and archegonia. Anteridia are small spherical structures which produce flagellated sperms. Archegonia are flask-shaped structures which produce single egg. Rhizoids are root like construction that absorbs water and minerals. They anchor prothallus to dirt.

Facts on The Great Barrier Reef

Great Barrier Reef, Diving, Coral, Ocean

Known through out the world as the only naturally built structure that could be seen from the moon, the Great Barrier Reed crosses an enormous distance of over 2,600 km. This natural formation constructed by billions of coral polyps is a UNESCO World Heritage and has enjoyed a number of the world’s accolades as far as marine biodiversity is concerned. It is paramount in research and study of marine organisms in the Pacific area and around the world. Quite frankly, nothing is ever like it. It is a behemoth by itself. It is located Queensland, Australia.

Life in the Great Barrier is nothing short of simple. The principle of survival of the fittest holds true; planktons provide food for the smallest fishes, which are also the feeding frenzy of smaller fishes, which are also the means of survival for the bigger ones and so on and so forth till it reaches to man’s level, the maximum place in the food chain. I wonder if man ever tops the list of the Great White’s food chain, I don’t think so.

The world has received so much attention from both the local Australian authorities as well as from international agencies promoting balance in the natural environment. It is an epitome of natural wealth and treasure which is too valuable to ignore. They do everything they can to preserve and protect the natural occurrences of events in the reef and also to lessen the potentially harmful activities that may disrupt the natural balance. The reef is nature’s gift to men; it’s too precious to just plunder and bangle with.

The reed supports a wide array of marine life. It is not called one of the seven natural wonders of the world for nothing. True, it amazes those who came to visit; most tourist visiting the reef left with an astounding memory of something that is so grand and an adventure that’s too precious and unforgettable.

Tourism from the reef brings in funds for the Australian government over any other marine thing in Australia. Approximately 2 million people would go to the Great Barrier Reef annually which in turn was argued to post threat to the reef. However, tourism in the region largely depends on the actions on the Great Barrier Reef.

Something that is a enormous gift, such as in the form of the Great Barrier Reef should be carefully handled. It should be taken care of and considered fragile. It’s value should be well discerned in order to keep its life and its glorious beauty.

Tree Types

Lone Tree, Tree, Oak, Clouds, Landscape

There are lots of different types of trees that stem from different parts of the world. Here’s a list of a few of them, in addition to the country’s other national treasures.

Japanese trees:

Japanese trees, often known as Cherry Blossoms, are indigenous to a lot of East Asian states such as Japan, Korea, and China. In Japan, cherry blossoms are thought of as a metaphor for the ephemeral nature of life. The humanity of the blossoms- their beauty and speedy death- is frequently associated with mortality, the symbolism of that is usually seen in Western art, anime and film.

Another treasure from Japan is their delicious fish. Over the fish itself, is the Japanese way of preparing it, known as sushi. Sushi has become a beloved food collection amongst people throughout the world.

Maple trees:

The red sugar maple foliage is the outstanding quality of the Canadian flag. Maple syrup is delicious and available in abundance in Canada. It can nevertheless be quite costly when sold abroad.

While Canada is not famous for their cuisine, they do have one or two dishes worth mentioning. Poutine is among them. Poutine is a Quebecois dish that consists of French fries, cheese curds and hot gravy. By adding the hot sauce on the other ingredients, they all melt together, making a delicious- though gluttonous- meal.

Banana trees:

As you might have guessed, banana trees grow bananas and they’re native to tropical South and Southeast Asia. Having said that, today banana trees are grown in at least 107 states, mostly for their fruit.

Based on your culinary taste, South and Southeast Asia have some of the most delicious foods in the world, which range from Indian curries, to Thai mango salads, to the hundreds of kinds of sticky rice from Laos. Each area has their own spices and ways of preparing dishes that make them so authentic.

So you see, in addition to ingesting carbon dioxide and providing us oxygen with which to breath and grow things, trees provide food, syrup, beautiful flowers and more.

Artemis Tree Services provide their customers with a full range of professional tree care services to ensure your trees, shrubs and hedges remain healthy and beautiful. For more on tree surgery London.

Getting Butterflies in Your Yard

Dovetail, Butterfly, Nature, Insect

The best way to do this is to supply butterflies with an assortment of plants that are attractive to butterflies native to your area. Don’t just go to the local big-box retailer and buy anything with the word”butterfly” in it. Do some basic research for yourself, which is quite easy to do online, and you will fare much better.

The first thing you need to do is assess which sort of environment you might have. Is your lawn wooded, or mostly a garden type? Some butterflies will only go to a particular type of environment, and regardless of what plants you have, they won’t go to them if they are not in the right location.

The next step is to do an internet search for your county or city, and see what butterflies are commonly found there. As soon as you do so, cross-reference that information with the sort of environment you have (woody, garden, etc.. .) . Most often times lists such as that will also record the host plant of the butterfly, but if not, you can search for this too.

Once you find out the species of butterflies that are native to your area, the next thing you want to do is find out what sort of plants these butterflies are drawn to. Butterflies use two types of plants – a host plant, and a nectar plant. A host plant is the type of plant that they will lay their eggs on. The nectar plant is a type of plant that the adult butterflies will feed off of. Normally butterflies will have a large variety of nectar plants from which they will feed, but only 1 host plant that they will use to deposit their eggs. The monarch butterfly, for example, will feed from many different type of nectar plants (lantana, periwinkle, pentas, etc.. .) But only have a single host plant, that’s the milkweed. The monarch butterfly will only lay their eggs on a milkweed plant, because that’s the only plant which their larvae (caterpillars) can eat.

To draw the most butterflies to your yard, you may have an assortment of nectar plants, but it’s most important to have the host plants. You will find, by planting many of the host plants together, you’ll draw a great deal of species of butterfly.